Strengths and protective factors in person-centered integrative diagnosis.

Main Article Content

Janet Wallcraft
Elena Gayvoronskaya
Ihsan M. Salloum


Mental health problems are a global issue and solutions need to fit a wide range of cultures and economic situations. This is challenging for the Western-oriented model of medical diagnosis and expensive, hospital-based treatment. In Western countries, the model is moving towards community-oriented support, based on a recovery and wellness model, with more emphasis on prevention and mental health promotion work, provided by multidisciplinary teams.

Article Details

Fourth Geneva Conference on Person-centered Medicine: Person-centered integrative diagnosis (PID)
Author Biography

Janet Wallcraft, Centre for Mental Health Recovery, University of Hertfordshire; and Centre for Excellence in Interdisciplinary Mental Health, University of Birmingham

Janet Wallcraft has a BSc Hons (1st Class) in Science Technology & Society (1987)  and a Postgrad Diploma Social Sciences Research (1989) from Middlesex University, London, and PhD from South Bank University, London (2002) on mental health service users first experiences of breakdown and treatment. She is a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Mental Health Recovery, University of Hertfordshire, and an Honorary Fellow at the Centre for Excellence in Interdisciplinary Mental Health, University of Birmingham. She has been a long-term consultant and researcher on the experiences of people who use or receive mental health services, working for leading NGOs and Government organisations in England and Wales. 


Mezzich, J.E. (2007). Psychiatry for the Person: articulating medicine’s sciences and humanism. World Psychiatry 6 (2) 1-3.

Salloum, I. & Mezzich, J.E. (2011). Outlining the bases for person-centered integrative diagnosis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17, 354-356.

Mezzich, J., Salloum, I., Cloninger, C., Salvador-carulla, L., Kirmayer, L., Banzato, C., Wallcraft, J. & Botbol, M. (2010). Person-centred Integrative Diagnosis: Conceptual Bases and Structural Model. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie 55, 701-708.

Sen, A. (2005). Human Rights and Capabilities. Journal of Human Development 6 (2) 151-166.

Nussbaum, M. (1999). Women and Equality: The Capabilities Approach. International Labour Review 138, 227.

Mitra, S. (2006). The Capability Approach and Disability. Journal of Disability Policy Studies 16, 236-247.

Weick, A., Rapp, C., Sullivan, W. P. & Kisthardt, W. (1989). A strengths perspective for social work practice. Social Work 34, 350-354.

Early, T. J. & Glenmaye, L. F. 2000. Valuing Families: Social Work Practice with Families from a Strengths Perspective. Social Work 45, 118-130.

Cohen, B.Z. (1999). Intervention and supervision in strengths-based social work practice. Families in Society 80, 460-467.

Saleebey, D. (2000). Power in the people: Strengths and hope. Advances in social work 1, 127-136.

Egeland, B., Carlson, E. & Sroufe, L. A. (1993). Resilience as process. Development and Psychopathology 5, 517-528.

Tedeschi, R.G. & Kilmer, R.P. (2005). Assessing Strengths, Resilience, and Growth to Guide Clinical Interventions. Professional Psychology:Research and Practice 36 (3) 230.

Gayvoronskaya, E.B. & Shalitkina, L.A. (2010). Age-related Psychosomatic Crises as Elements of Age Psychosomatics. Scientific and Medical Paper of the Central Chernozemye Region: Scientific and Practical Journal 39, 37-43.

Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fiswick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., Parkinson, J., Secker, J. & Stewart-Brown, S. (2007). The Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 5 (1) 63.

Stewart-Brown, S. & Janmohamed, K. (2008). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale.