Nursing Perspectives on Person- and People-Centered Integrated Care for All

Main Article Content

Yukiko Kusano


 Person-centeredness resides at the heart of nursing and nurses also place people at the centre of their activities to achieve a healthier society. The commitment of the International Council of Nurses (ICN) to deliver person- and people-centered care is evident in the ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses [1], ICN policy papers and is translated into various guidelines, programmes and research.  Person- and people-centered healthcare requires not only commitment of individual nurses and other healthcare workers but also changes in healthcare systems including service delivery systems and other structures. It is necessary to take a whole government approach where person- and people-centered healthcare is considered by all ministries including non-health sectors. Active involvement of care recipients, nurses and other healthcare professionals in healthcare design and decision making is essential to achieve person- and people-centered healthcare. 

Article Details

Regular Articles


ICN. (2012). ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses. Geneva: ICN. Available at:

ICN. (2007). ICN Position Statement: Nurses and primary health care. Available at: .

Henderson V. (2004). ICN Basic Principles of Nursing Care. Geneva: ICN.

ICN. (2008). Nursing Care Continuum Framework and Competencies. ICN. Geneva: ICN.

ICN. (2013). ICN Position Statement: Cultural and linguistic competence. Available at: .

ICN. (2008). ICN Position Statement: Informed Patients. Available at: .

ICN. (2012). ICN Position Statement: Publicly funded accessible health services. Available at: .

ICN. (2006). ICN Position Statement: Continuing competence as a professional responsibility and public right. Available at: .

ICN. (2007). ICN Position Statement: Nursing research. Available at: .

Bartz CC. (2013). Evidence for person-centeredness in telehealth research. Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and eHealth. 1(3), 86-92.

Bartz CC. (2014). Evidence for Person-centeredness in Telehealth Research Involving People with Diabetes. In Med-e-Tel Proceedings, ISfTeH, pp. 39-42.

World Health Organization. (2011). Multi-Professional Patient Safety Curriculum Guide. Geneva: WHO.

Fight the Fakes. (2015). Fight the Fakes campaign. Available at: .

World Health Professions Alliance (WHPA). (2008). WHPA Fact Sheet: Positive practice environments for health care professionals. Available at: (last accessed 23 February 2015).

International Alliance of Patients' Organizations (IAPO), ICN, International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA), International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) & World Medical Association (WMA). (2014). Consensus Framework for Ethical Collaboration between Patients’ Organisation. Available at: .

Ghebrehiwet, T. (2013). Effectiveness of Team Approach in Health Care: Some Research Evidence. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, 3: 137-139.

Barnett K, Mercer S W, Norbury M, et al. (2012). Epidemiology of multimorbidity and implications for health care, research and medical education: a cross-sectional study. Lancet. 380:37–43.

ICN. (2014). Definition of Nursing. Available at:

ICN. (2008). ICN Position Statement: Participation of nurses in health services decision making and policy development. Available at: .

Stender SC & Christensen A. (2013). Patient-centered primary health care: synergy potential for health systems strengthening. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 17(Suppl 1):S15-21.

ICN. (2011). ICN Position Statement: Reducing environmental and lifestyle related health risks. Available at: .

World Health Organization. (1986). The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Geneva: WHO.