Introduction to Ethical Standards for Person-centered Health Research

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James Appleyard


Trust in physicians is an essential part of the patient / physician dialogue, a relationship on which advances in medicine depend, be they new ideas or applications of old ideas to new situations. Trust is based on mutual understanding and a firm commitment by physicians to a code of ethics, which reflects the principles of beneficence, non-malfeasance, justice, fidelity and confidentiality with respect for the person. The four presentations at the 6th Geneva Conference by Dr. Otmar Kloiber, Secretary General of the World Medical Association; Dr. Marie-Charlotte Bouësseau from  Global Health Ethics of the World health Organization; Professor George N. Christodoulou,  World Federation for Mental Health; and Professor M.B. Vallotton, Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, illustrate four different perspectives and provide important lessons for the future.

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Author Biography

James Appleyard, British Medical Association International Association of Medical Colleges

Past President World Medical AssociationVice President of the British Medical AssociationHon Secretary to the Board of Trustees of the International Association of Medical Colleges 2007-President of the WMA Sept 2003-2004with special areas of interest in Human Rights, Child Health, and Health DatabasesProfessional Work Consultant Children’s Physician at the Kent and Canterbury Hospital from 1971-1998 Professor of Pediatrics, 1985-1995. Dean of Clinical Studies (UK) 1995-1997  St George’s University, Grenada W.I.Dean of Clinical Sciences, Kigezi International School of Medicine, Uganda 2000-2004 British Medical AssociationA Chief Officer for nine years as Chairman of Representative Body 1992-1995.and then as Treasurer 1996-2002 Ethics Chair of the WMA Ethics Committee 1995-1999 Member of the BMAs Ethics Committee 1992-2003Member of the East Kent Research Ethics Committee 2006- Treasurer and (Vice President)  of the British .Paediatric Association. 1983-1988PublicationsOn neonatal topics including coagulation disorders of the New Born,Children with disabilities, medical education, manpower and medical ethics in peer reviewed journals


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