A Person-centered Approach to Diagnosis and Care for Bipolar Disorder and Alcoholism

Main Article Content

Ihsan M. Salloum


Person-centered Medicine proposes the whole person in context, as the center and goal of clinical care and public health.  Person-centered Integrative Diagnosis (PID) is an emerging model for conceptualizing the process of clinical diagnosis and care implementing the vision and goals of person-centered medicine.  Person-centered Integrative Diagnosis entails a broader and deeper notion of diagnosis, beyond the restricted concept of nosological diagnosis and intends to provide the informational basis for person-centered organization of health care. It involves the dynamic integration of both positive health and ill health and emphasizes the formulation of the health status through true partnership with interactive participation and engagement of clinicians, patients, and families using all relevant descriptive tools (categorization, dimensions, and narratives). The applicability of this model to chronic, complex comorbidity with emphasis on the recovery process and health restoration is particularly pertinent. This paper focuses on the applicability of the PID to the challenging comorbidity of bipolar disorder and alcoholism. The PID provides an integrated formulation of multiple complex problems as well as positive aspects of health and strengths that are key to formulating and implementing personalized treatment and recovery plans.  

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Author Biography

Ihsan M. Salloum

Ihsan Saloum, MD, MPH, is a Professor of Psychiatry and Chief, Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Treatment and Research, University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. Dr. Salloum graduated from the University of Bologna School of Medicine, in Bologna, Italy and completed the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) post graduate fellowship program in alcohol research at the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Dr. Salloum’s research interest has focused on developing effective interventions for comorbid mood and addictive disorders and on addressing the diagnostic and therapeutic complexity of comorbidity and on Person-centered Medicine. He has published on the treatment of co-occurring disorders and is a frequent speaker at National and International scientific meetings. Dr. Salloum is the recipient of grant awards from the National Institute of Health. He is a member of the National Institute of Health Scientific Review Group and a diplomat of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology with added Qualifications in Addiction Psychiatry. Dr. Salloum is Member of the Board of the Executive Committee of the International Network on Person Centered Medicine. He is also the Chair, Section on Classification Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature of the World Psychiatric Association, and he is also the Secretary of the International Society on Bipolar Disorders. Dr. Salloum is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and Honorary Member of the World Psychiatric Association.


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