Person-centred Psychodynamic Perspectives

Main Article Content

Margit Schmolke


A psychodynamic approach is person-centred in its deep sense as it applies to the person with his/her unique personality and life history. Psychodynamic skills and experiences help to understand symptoms not just as dysfunctions and deficits but as dynamic phenomena with their own understandable function and logic. Psychodynamic expertise helps to deal with complex decisions in diagnosis and treatment. In addition, a psychodynamic approach is context-oriented as it includes a perspective to the complexity of a health care situation. Unconscious processes and communication take place virtually everywhere in different clinical settings, e.g. in the therapist-patient relationship, in the whole atmosphere of a hospital unit, and among colleagues. Therefore, it is useful to understand difficult situations and communication problems in daily clinical work by applying psychodynamic skills (e.g., self-reflection and self-monitoring of transference and counter-transference feelings). This could take place in supervision groups, case conferences or staff meetings of an interdisciplinary team in medical settings, such as surgical, emergency unit, general medicine, liaison medicinal, and psychiatric settings.

Article Details

Third Geneva Conference on Person-Centered Medicine: Special Initiatives for Person-centered Care
Author Biography

Margit Schmolke, Training and Research Institute of the German Academy for Psychoanalysis in Munich

Dr. Margit Schmolke is clinical psychologist, psychoanalyst and group psychotherapist in private practice. She is lecturer and training analyst and co-chair of the department of Group Psychotherapy Training at the Training and Research Institute of the German Academy for Psychoanalysis in Munich, Germany. She is an active member of the Sections “Psychoanalysis in Psychiatry” and “Preventive Psychiatry” of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA). Her special fields of research and professional activity are psychodynamic treatment, resilience and protective factors in severely psychiatric patients, recovery.