Main Article Content
World Health Organization. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). 2011 (cited 2011 June 3rd); Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/index.html.
Kahn, R., Robertson, R.M., Smith, R. & Eddy. D. (2008). The Impact of Prevention on Reducing the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation 118 (5), 576-585.
Yusuf, S., Hawken, S., Ounpuu, S., Dans, T., Avezum, A., Lanas, F. et al. (2004). Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 364 (9438), 937-952.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Living dangerously: Australians with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Canberra: AIHW2005 Contract No.: 24.
Britt, H., Miller, G. C., Charles, J., Valenti, L., Fahridin, S., Pan, Y., Harrison, C., Bayram, C., O'Halloran, J. & Henderson, J. (2010). General practice activity in Australia 2009-10. General Practice Series. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. Health services: Patient Experiences in Australia, 2009. Canberra: ABS2009.
Britt, H., Miller, G.C., Knox, S., Charles, J., Valenti, L., Pan, Y. et al. (2004). General practice activity in Australia 2003–04. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Harris, M. (2008). The role of primary health care in preventing the onset of chronic disease, with a particular focus on the lifestyle risk factors of obesity, tobacco and alcohol. Canberra: National Preventative Health Taskforce.
Harris, M.F. & Mercer, P.J. (2001). Reactive or preventive: the role of general practice in achieving a healthier Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 175 (2). 92-93.
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Curriculum statement: Population health and public health. Melbourne: RACGP 2007.
Wittchen, H-U., Glaesmer, H., März, W., Stalla, G., Lehnert, H., Zeiher, A.M., et al. (2005). Cardiovascular risk factors in primary care: methods and baseline prevalence rates - the DETECT program. Current Medical Research and Opinion 21 (4), 619-629.
British Cardiac Society, British Hypertension Society, Diabetes UK, Heart UK, Primary Care Cardiovascular Society, Stroke Association. (2005). JBS 2: Joint British Societies' guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice. Heart 91 (Supplement 5), 1-52.
De Backer, G., Ambrosioni, E., Borch-Johnsen, K., Brotons, C., Cifkova, R., Dallongeville, J. et al. (2003). European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. European Heart Journal 24 (17), 1601-1610.
National Preventative Health Taskforce. (2009). Australia: The healthiest country by 2020 – National Preventative Health Strategy – Overview. Canberra: National Preventative Health Taskforce.
MacDonald, T.M. & Morant, S.V. (2008). Prevalence and treatment of isolated and concurrent hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia in the United Kingdom. British Journal Clinical Pharmacology 65 (5). 775-786.
Godwin, M., Pike, A., Kirby, A., Jewer, C. & Murphy, L. (2008). Prehypertension and hypertension in a primary care practice. Canadian Family Physician ;54 (10), 1418-1423.
Reid, C.M., Nelson, M. R., Shiel, L., Chew, D. P., Connor, G. & Delooze, F. (2008). Australians at Risk: Management of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the REACH Registry. Heart, Lung and Circulation 17 (2), 114-118.
Reid, A.L., Webb, G.R., Hennrikus, D., Fahey, P.P. & Sanson-Fisher, R.W. (1986). Detection of patients with high alcohol intake by general practitioners. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed) 293 (6549), 735-737.
O'Loughlin, J., Makni, H., Tremblay, M., Lacroix, C., Gervais, A., Dery, V., Meshefedjiang, G. & Paradis, G. (2001), Smoking cessation counseling practices of general practitioners in Montreal. Preventive Medicine 33 (6), 627-638.
Young, J.M. & Ward, J.E. (2001). Implementing guidelines for smoking cessation advice in Australian general practice: opinions, current practices, readiness to change and perceived barriers. Family Practice 18 (1), 14-20.
Huang, J.M.D., Yu, H.M.D.P., Marin, E.M.A., Brock, S.M.A., Carden, D.M.D. & Davis, T.P. (2004). Physicians' Weight Loss Counseling in Two Public Hospital Primary Care Clinics. Academic Medicine 79 (2), 156-161.
Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Review Group. (2002). Data collection checklist.Available from: http://epoc.cochrane.org/sites/epoc.cochrane.org/files/uploads/datacollectionchecklist.pdf
Kanjilal, S., Gregg, E.W., Cheng, Y.J., Zhang, P., Nelson, D.E., Mensah, G. & Beckles, G.L. (2006). Socioeconomic Status and Trends in Disparities in 4 Major Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Among US Adults, 1971-2002. Archives of Internal Medicine 166 (21), 2348-2355.
Lee, D.S., Chiu, M., Manuel, D.G., Tu, K., Wang, X., Austin, P.C. et al. (2009). Trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Canada: temporal, socio-demographic and geographic factors. Canadian Medical Association Journal 181 (3-4), E55-66.
Tu, K., Chen, Z. & Lipscombe, L.L. (2008). Canadian Hypertension Education Program Outcomes Research T. Mortality among patients with hypertension from 1995 to 2005: a population-based study. Canadian Medical Association Journal 178 (11), 1436-1440.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). State-specific prevalence and trends in adult cigarette smoking-United States, 1998-2007. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 58 (9), 221-226.
White, V., Hill, D., Siahpush, M. & Bobevski, I. (2003). How has the prevalence of cigarette smoking changed among Australian adults? Trends in smoking prevalence between 1980 and 2001. Tobacco Control 12 (Supplement 2), ii67-74.
Park, E.J., Koh, H.K., Kwon, J.W., Suh, M.K., Kim, H. & Cho, S.I. (2009). Secular trends in adult male smoking from 1992 to 2006 in South Korea: age-specific changes with evolving tobacco-control policies. Public Health 123 (10), 657-664.
Cifkova, R., Skodova, Z., Bruthans, J., Adamkova, V., Jozifova, M., Galovcova, M. et al. (2010). Longitudinal trends in major cardiovascular risk factors in the Czech population between 1985 and 2007/8. Czech MONICA and Czech post-MONICA. Atherosclerosis 211 (2), 676-681.
Jemal, A., Thun, M.J., Ries, L.A.G., Howe, H.L., Weir, H.K., Center, M.M. et al. (2008). Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2005, Featuring Trends in Lung Cancer, Tobacco Use, and Tobacco Control. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 100 (23), 1672-1694.
Wakefield, M.A., Loken, B. & Hornik, R.C. (2010). Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour. Lancet 376 (9748), 1261-1271.
Lopez de Andres, A., Ezzati, M., Jamison, D.T. & Murray, C.J.L. (Eds.) (2006). Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. Washington DC: The World Bank and Oxford University Press. Geneva: WHO Press.
Beard, H.A., Al Ghatrif, M., Samper-Ternent, R., Gerst. K., Markides, K.S., Beard, H.A. et al. (2009). Trends in diabetes prevalence and diabetes-related complications in older Mexican Americans from 1993-1994 to 2004-2005. Diabetes Care 32 (12), 2212-2217.
Magliano, D.J., Peeters, A., Vos, T., Sicree, R., Shaw, J., Sindall, C., Haby, M., Begg, S.J. & Zimmet, P.Z. (2009). Projecting the burden of diabetes in Australia-what is the size of the matter? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 33 (6), 540-543.
Shaw, J.E., Sicree, R.A. & Zimmet, P.Z. (2010). Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 87 (1), 4-14.
Wild, S., Roglic, G., Green, A., Sicree, R. & King, H. (2004). Global Prevalence of Diabetes. Diabetes Care 27 (5), 1047-1053.
Murray, C.J.L., Lauer, J.A., Hutubessy, R.C.W., Niessen, L., Tomijima, N., Rodgers, A., Lawes, C.M. & Evans, D.B. (2003). Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk. Lancet 361 (9359), 717-725.
Anderson, P., Chisholm, D. & Fuhr, D.C. (2009). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol. Lancet ;373 (9682), 2234-2246.
Giesbrecht, N.& Greenfield, T.K. (2003). Preventing Alcohol-Related Problems in the US Through Policy: Media Campaigns, Regulatory Approaches and Environmental Interventions. Journal of Primary Prevention 24 (1), 63-104.
Shaw, K., Gennat, H., O'Rourke, P. & Del Mar, C. (2006). Exercise for overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006(4):CD003817.
Melkus, G.D. (2005). Review: non-pharmacological interventions induce or maintain weight loss in adults with prediabetes. Evidence Based Nursing 8 (4), 110.
Padwal, R., Li, S.K., Lau, D.C. (2004). Long-term pharmacotherapy for obesity and overweight. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004(3):CD004094.
Tsai, A.G. & Wadden, T.A. (2009). Treatment of obesity in primary care practice in the United States: a systematic review. Journal of General Internal Medicine 24 (9), 1073-1079.
Mathers, N. & Gray, D.P. (2005). Cutting the cake: allocation of NHS research and development funding. British Journal of General Practice 55 (520), 827-828.
Foy, R., Parry, J. & McAvoy, B. (1998). Clinical trials in primary care: targeted payments for trials might help improve recruitment and quality. British Medical Journal 317 (7167), 1168-1169.