Primary Health Care and Person Centered Medicine

Authors

  • Juan E Mezzich Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University
  • James Appleyard President, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Former President, World Medical Association, London, United Kingdom.
  • Michel Botbol Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Chair, World Psychiatric Association Section on Psychoanalysis in Psychiatry; Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Western Brittany, Brest, France.
  • Tesfa Ghebrehiwet Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Former Consultant, International Council of Nurses, Alberta, Canada.
  • Joanna Groves Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Former Chief Executive Officer, International Alliance of Patients' Organizations, London, United Kingdom.
  • Ihsan M. Salloum Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Chair, Section on Classification, World Psychiatric Association; Professor of Psychiatry, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
  • Sandra van Dulmen Board Director, International College of Person-centered Medicine; Former Officer, European Association for Communication in Healthcare; Professor, Department of Primary and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5750/ijpcm.v5i2.532

Abstract

The popular usual meaning of primary care is health care at a basic rather than specialized level for people making an initial approach to a doctor or nurse for treatment. The concept of primary health care has evolved dramatically over the past four decades, particularly under the aegis of the World Health Organization with the additional participation of other institutional actors around the world. It is increasingly recognized as a fundamental concept and strategy for the advancement of health care and the promotion of health at national and international levels.Separately, as the programmatic global initiative on person centered medicine has been unfolding over the past decade, primary care, not surprisingly, is emerging as a prominent topic and concern for advancing person-centered medicine and health care. There are certainly conceptual and strategic reasons for such emergence. There have been as well institutional reasons for this. At the same time, person-centeredness is an open road for the optimization of primary care.Further understanding of the prominent position, special role, and particular challenges of primary care in person centered medicine is contributed by several of the papers published in the present issue of the International Journal of Person Centered Medicine.

Author Biography

Juan E Mezzich, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University

Born in Lima, Peru, of Yugoslavian and Peruvian ancestries. Medical graduate of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University and president of the University Student Association.Psychiatric residency training, M.Sc. in Academic Psychiatry, and M.A. and Ph.D. in Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, all at Ohio State University, and diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.Professorial positions in psychiatry, sequentially at Stanford University, California, the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University.Doctor Honoris Causa at Athens University (Greece), Cordoba University (Argentina), Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University (Peru), and Cluj-Napoca University, Timisoara University and Oradea University (Romania). Honorary Professorships at Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University and University of Belgrade (Serbia), World Psychiatric Association Honorary Fellow, Simon Bolivar Award of the American Psychiatric Association, Past-President of the American Society of Hispanic Psychiatry, honorary member/fellow of several national psychiatric associations, and visiting professor and lecturer at academic institutions over 80 countries across all continents.Earlier academic and international work: Secretary & Chair (1983-1996) and Honorary Chair (2008-) of the WPA Section on Classification and Diagnostic Assessment; member of the ICD-10 Work Group and the DSM-IV Task Force; chair of the US National Institute of Mental Health Group on Culture, Diagnosis and Care; consultant on the development of the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (3rd Ed.), the Japanese Modification of ICD-10, the Third Cuban Glossary of Psychiatry, and the Latin American Guide for Psychiatric Diagnosis (GLADP); and director of the 1993-2003 WPA International Guidelines for Diagnostic Assessment (IGDA).Author/coauthor of over 280 scientific journal articles and book chapters (including sections on diagnosis,   epidemiology, and culture in Kaplan & Sadock's and Tasman et al’s Textbooks of Psychiatry), and of 26 books and monographs, including Images of Latin American Psychiatry (2013), Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry (2011), Conceptual Bases of Psychiatry for the Person (2011), Conceptual Explorations on Person-centered Medicine (2010), Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects (2009), Cultural Formulation: A Reader for Psychiatric Diagnosis (2008), Psychiatry and Sexual Health: An Integrative Approach (2006), Philosophical & Methodological Bases of Psychiatric Diagnosis (2005), Guía Latinoamericana de Diagnóstico Psiquiátrico (GLADP) (APAL, 2004), WPA International Guidelines for Diagnostic Assessment (IGDA) (2003), Cultural Psychiatry: International Perspectives (2001), Culture and Psychiatric Diagnosis: A DSM-IV Perspective (1996), Psychiatric Epidemiology (1994). Editor, Psychopathology, (2002-2010), Deputy Editor-in-Chief (2010-2011) and Editor in Chief (2013-  ), Int’l J Person Centered Medicine,  and editorial board member of 15 other medical journals in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa.WPA Secretary General (1996-2002), Vice-President and President-Elect (2002-2005), President (2005-2008), and Council Member (2008- ). President (2009-2013) and then Secetary General (2013- ) of the International Network , now International College, of Person-centered Medicine.Current Work: 1) Person-centered Psychiatry and Medicine: Organization of the 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 Geneva Conferences on Person-centered Medicine, and Conferences in London (2007), Paris (2008), and Uppsala (2008) on Psychiatry for the Person; thematic publication of several monographs and journal editorials & papers, and initiating the International Network for Person-centered Medicine in collaboration with the World Medical Association, the World Health Organization and 25 other international medical and health bodies, 2) International diagnostic systems, particularly ICD-11, Person-centered Integrative Diagnosis, and Latin American Guide for Psychiatric Diagnosis, through monographs, journal papers, and conferences, 3) Culture-informed clinical concepts and procedures, including the Cultural Formulation, the Personal Health Scale, the Multi-ethnic Bicultural Scale, and the Multicultural Quality of Life Index through publications, conferences and research projects.

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Published

2015-11-09

Issue

Section

Editorial