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Effects of slow breathing exercises and music in patients with hypertension ─ 15 months follow-up

Lennart Nord

Abstract


Abstract

Background: Active patient participation in care is a prerequisite for effective self-management.

Aim: To evaluate if a person centred directed intervention such as device-guided slow breathing exercises (DGBE) and listening to music can reduce blood pressure over a period of 15 months in patients with hypertension.

Methods: A randomized, controlled study was conducted for 15 months, 48 patients using DGBE- exercises and 42 patients in a CD group listening to music from a CD-player, for 15 minutes three times a week in both groups.

Results: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) reduction was -9.8 mmHg (p<0.001) in the DGBE group and -7.7 mmHg (p<0.01) in the CD group, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reduction was -4.1 mmHg (p<0.05) in the DGBE group and -2.5 mmHg (ns) in the CD group. No significant differences were found in median blood pressure between the groups neither at inclusion nor after 15 months.

Conclusion: Person centred care with breathing exercises and listening to music 15 minutes three times a week can reduce blood-pressure in patients with hypertension over a period of 15 months.


Keywords


blood pressure, hypertension, device guided breathing exercises, music, person centred care, person centred medicine, self-management

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References

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5750/ijpcm.v2i3.163

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